Ottawa Valley Research Hub

Emergency Preparation Checklist

(Thankyou: Glorious and Free)


Water security: 

  • Aim for a minimum of 1 litre of liquid/day.  Store at least 90 litres at home

  • At first power outages fill bathtubs and fill as many pots and containers as possible with water. (for washing and toilet flushing)

  • Find a spring near your home. Many are inspected by municipalities for potability. lists some but not all springs around the world. You can also call 311 to ask your city where the springs are.

  • Buy a Lifestraw (allows you to drink from almost any source. 

  • Melt snow 

  • Buy a rain barrel and start collecting rainwater for washing clothes.

  • Buy water filters Recommended ZEROWATER pitcher with filters, it’s preferable choice, and come with a water purity tester (TDS) and filter, and works much better than the Brita type brands. Buy additional filters as each one lasts between 3-6 months depending on usage.

  • Buy bottled water (largest containers) 

  • Portable water purification systems

  • Halzone tablets

  • Chlorine 

  • Befriend someone with a well

  • Add Tang or vitamin powder to your water for added energy, flavour and nutrition

  • Boil and filter your tap water when times are bad or water pressure is low

  • Transport spring water from a source to your friends

  • Don’t tell your neighbours you have a water supply

  • Other: Please add another tip

Food security:

  • Aim for at least 2000 calories per day, store at least 180,000 calories

  • Stock up on food, especially non-perishable foods, canned foods and dried foods

  • Buy seeds, learn how to grow foods that require little or no light, grow sprouts (recommended green peas for pea shoots and for sweetest flavour, also the most bang for a seed)

  • Buy canned meats, sardines, herring, tuna, salmon

  • In times of extreme food shortage, exercise less.

  • Dehydrate veggies & fruit, smoke fish and meat. Lighter than canned foods.

  • Fermented or pickled vegetables.

  • Buy nuts, rice, rolled oats (store in plastic or glass jars to avoid bugs)

  • Nutrition bars, meal replacement powder (undenatured whey protein is ideal)

  • Raise rabbits or quails. They’re silent, multiply fast, more protein than chicken.

  • Vodka can also be used as a fire-starter, sterilizing, medical instruments, sleep aid. 

  • Don’t tell your neighbours you have a food supply

  • Have chickens or locate a farm with eggs. Eggs are a perfect protein and can be eaten raw easily. Raw maintains best nutritional value. 

  • Visit the farmers in your neighborhood

  • Grow your own food. Keep one plant, some flowers (herbs), or fruit to create seeds for next year.

  • Learn what wild foods you have in your neck of the woods from dandelion to lemon sorrel to mulberry trees. These are in cities too.

  • Some plants (make teas) are healing and high in antioxidants, like Wonder of the World - easy to grow, Chaga - easy to buy in Canada, Thyme

  • Have a supply of healthy fats:  coconut oil, ghee, hemp hearts, etc.

  • Vinegar and baking soda for cleaning

  • Buy some freeze dried food, food pellets

  • Look into foods that regenerate ex:  celery

  • Have a supply of salt and spices

  • Have extra pet food, treats, litter on hand

  • Miso is fermented food, high in proteins and versatile.

  • Other: 

Health security:

  • Take frequent Freedom chat walks with friends.  Great for body and mind.

  • Buy first aid kit, first aid book, needle and thread - foil blanket(s) for shock but they make great warmers

  • Pain killers, inflammation reduction, fever reduction, cough suppressant…

  • Vitamins.  Vitamins C and D are quite important during flu season.

  • Make weight loss non-meat patties.  The keep you full longer and are very nutritious 

  • Get fit before an emergency situation arises

  • Fill up your medical prescriptions for at least 2 months.

  • Research food alternatives to your medicine

  • Stay fit and manage your weight before any emergency

  • Mental health: Have books to read.  Buy a journal or paper notebook.

  • Grow an aloe vera plant for burns.

  • STAY CALM - do not rush and do not panic.

  • Other: Please add another tip

  • Have a supply of zinc and echinacea (also good for the immune system)

  • Have a supply of Colloidal Silver. It kills bacteria and can be ingested and applied topically for humans and pets.


Communication security:

  • Citizen Alert Text: text me first 2 characters of your postal code 613-501-HELP

  • Walkie talkie sets (can communicate by relay)

  • CB radio

  • Short wave/ long wave crank radios

  • Solar powered radio

  • Hand crank USB chargers.

  • Ham radio (or befriend a neighbour who is a ham radio operator. You can look up your local amateur radio club to find a Ham operator or look for license plates that begin with VE or VA.))

  • Create your own community postal system with volunteers

  • Relay bike messenger system

  • If things shut down, have a designated place to meet with allies.

  • Have hard copies of maps.

  • Other: Please add another tip


Heat Security:

  • Test how much heat is generated by 2 candles in a small room in 1 hour

  • Think about how you will cook food and stay warm if power goes out

  • To learn about heat try backyard camping or sleep with bedroom window open

  • Candles - some candles give off toxins (not beeswax) don’t breathe in the smoke

  • Lighters, matches

  • Keep your water pipes from freezing if you are in a prolonged power failure

  • Flintstones

  • Dress in layers, wool breathes and keeps you warm

  • Woolen felt boot inserts 

  • Styrofoam and bubble wrap are great insulators, so are crumpled newspapers

  • Cotton balls and (vaseline, Purell, vodka…) make great fire starters

  • SternSo cans

  • Foldable camping stove frame

  • Pipe stove, rocket stove, propane stove, BBQ, outdoor grills like a Turkish grill

  • Store fuel, propane

  • Firewood and newspapers

  • Hot water bottles

  • If power goes out, can keep clothes in bed for morning

  • Warm waterproof coats and snow pants

  • Plenty of high quality warm socks (wool keeps your feet from sweating)

  • Thin foil blankets

  • Sleeping bags

  • Insulate your home better but go outside for fresh air

  • Protect your mental health with meditation exercise, games, a deck of cards…

  • Other: Please add another tip


Physical security:

  • Create your own gang, don’t be a hermit Have friends with you or near you.

  • Always have an emergency backpack ready

  • Hide valuables in kid backpacks, burglars won’t steal them

  • Door brace

  • Don’t dress too rich when you go out.  Do not wear jewelry.

  • Disable your car at night (under the hood)

  • Buy a tiger ultra flash light

  • Buy hornet or wasp spray

  • Cordage 

  • Phone security

  • Spend less time with non-essential contacts.  Avoid gossipers. 

  • Form your own neighborhood watch patrol

  • Buy a dog - train to bark if a noise

  • Lock your bikes

  • Do not isolate yourself from others. Make your own local tribe.

  • Share your emergency list with your friends

  • Have a backpack ready for 3 days in case of emergency evacuation. You can research what to have in it.

  • Arrange an emergency meeting spot for like-minded friends in your community

  • Buy a sound sensitive adapter and connect a lamp and dog recording near the door

  • Know a few self-defense moves

  • Have some weapons for self-defense or hunting:  a cane with a knife, baseball bat, machete, bow and arrow, slingshot, traps.

  • Ensure your legal weapons have plenty of ammunitions

  • Sheets of plywood for nailing over windows on your home

  • Other: Please add another tip

  • Always have a folding knife or tactical pen on your person. Both have good self defence capabilities.

Economic security:

  • Take some money out of your bank this week

  • Start bartering

  • Liquidate non-essential assets, keep items that have high trading value

  • Keep cash handy 

  • Find a job that allows you to work from home

  • Offer your services to your contacts, friends and family

  • Know your neighbours

  • Join our database 

  • Other: Please add another tip



  • Collect rainwater or melted snow to wash yourself or your clothes

  • baby wipes- great for cleaning yourself when water not available ( make your own)

  • lysol wipes-great for surfaces in same situation

  • Sanitizer - can make your own with witch hazel

  • Cloth diapers and sanitary pads

  • Reusable menstrual products (cloth pads, cups, menstrual underwear)

  • Portable shower kits

  • Soap for washing body, dishes, clothes

  • A washing board for washing clothes

  • Dental cleaning supplies and kit

  • Other: Please add another tip

  • Reusable handkerchiefs and toilet paper


  • Power generator

  • Solar power panels

  • Buy batteries

  • Hand crank items

  • Car battery booster. Can also get an adapter to charge phones.

  • Power generating stationary bikes

  • Extra fuel in canisters 

  • Solar floating lamps that you keep near a window so they are always ready when  you need them

  • In case of power failure, pour windshield wiper fluid  (-40 C) down toilets 

  • Propane generator - needs 100lb tanks and can run for 10 hours a day for 10 days. Not sure how many tanks you’d need (diesel gen systems are expensive but another option that can power an entire house - diesel stores in underground tanks) << this came from someone who worked for FEMA so they KNOW emergencies. ;)

  • Reflective foil blanket, or Faraday cage made from aluminum window screen, to wrap around your generator and prevent dead machine in case of EMP.


  • Water

  • Fishing and trapping supplies

  • Compass

  • Flashlights, batteries, knife, cordage, lighters, radio

  • Warm socks, T-shirts, raincoat

  • Survival guide, First aid kit and book

  • High calorie nuts, seeds, dried fruits, nutrition bars, Vodka (has several uses)

  • Other: Please add another tip


F: EMERGENCY SCENARIOS  What things should you do when...

  • There’s a sudden power failure happens in the middle of the night in winter

  • There’s no more tap water or bottled water anywhere

  • The Internet goes down

  • The phones don’t work

  • You need to unite your local community

  • The hospitals are closed

  • There’s no work anywhere

  • The postal service is down

  • You can’t sleep

  • You are under total lockdown

  • You can’t get home services like snow shovelling

  • Answers will be given at our Google Meets on Mondays



Websites: (Look up Your Emergency Preparedness Guide) DOLLAR TREE PREPPING ITEMS TO GET